KUNGILIYA KALAYA NAYANAR
Kungiliya Kalaya Nayanar was born in Tirukadavur in the Chola kingdom. The Lord of this
place is called Amirda Ghateswarar. Once Devas and Asuras came to this place with nectar in a pot.
They wanted to take bath. So, they left the pot on the ground and went to the river. When they came
back to the place, they could not lift the pot. The pot itself had been transformed into a Lingam.
Hence this Lingam is known as Amrita Lingam.Markandeya worshipped this Lingam and became
an immortal boy of 16 years.
The Goddess in this place is called Abhirami Amman. Abhirami Pattar, a great devotee of
Mother, sang beautiful songs in praise of Her: and the Mother Who was highly pleased with this,
changed the new moon day into a full moon day, in order to save him from the kingÂ’s wrath.
Kungiliya Kalaya Nayanar was a Brahmin by caste He got the name because he was always
holding a pot (an incense pot) in his hand. He considered burning of incense before the Lord was the
best service to Him. Lord Siva was highly pleased with the NayanarÂ’s intense devotion and his
wonderful service. He wanted to put it to test, so that the true glory of his supreme devotion to the
Lord may be understood by all.
By the will of Lord Siva, Nayanar became poor suddenly. He sold all his property. His
family was starving. Still, he continued to burn incense before the Lord. One day his dutiful wife
thought: Â‘Everything has been sold. Only this Mangalyam (a sacred thread with a pendant, which
every married woman must always have on her person, till the husband dies, when it is removed), is
left. I will give it to my Lord: though it is inauspicious to do so. Let him sell it and obtain some rice,
with which we could feed the children who may die of hunger otherwise.Â’ She removed the
Mangalyam and gave it to her husband, who gladly received it. As he was proceeding to the market
to sell it, Lord Siva Himself appeared before him, in the guise of a hawker and said that he had very
good incense. The word incense at once made Nayanar forget himself and the mission! He quickly
bought incense for the price of the Mangalyam, and went to the temple to burn it before the Lord.
His wife patiently waited for his return, and, not finding him even after nightfall, put the
children to bed and remained praying. The Lord was immensely pleased with this noble couple. The
faithful wife was prepared to part with even the most sacred ornament for the service of her lord, her
husband. The Kural says: Â‘Rain falls at the bidding of her who, on waking from sleep, worships no
other God but her husband.Â’ That night Lord Siva appeared in her dream and blessed her with all
She woke up from her sleep and was amazed to find all types of wealth in the house. She
sang His glories. Immediately she prepared a nice meal and was waiting for her lordÂ’s return.
After blessing the NayanarÂ’s wife, thus, Lord Siva appeared before Nayanar in the temple
and said: Â‘Oh noble soul, I am immensely pleased with your devotion. Your dutiful wife is
anxiously waiting for you in the house with milk and food. Kindly go to your house.Â’ It was only
then that Nayanar became aware of this world! He returned to the house and found that it had been
transformed into a heaven, by the grace of the Lord. Siva Bhaktas, too, had assembled in the house
in large numbers. They all sang the glories of the Lord. The Nayanar treated the wealth that the Lord
had bestowed upon him as the property of Siva Bhaktas and served them.
One day Nayanar wanted to visit the temple at Tiruppanandal. The Lord of this temple is
Arunasatesar. Thatakai was the daughter of an Asura. For getting a son, she worshipped the Siva
Lingam regularly. One day at the end of the worship, she wanted to garland the Lingam. As she
lifted the garland with both her hands, her cloth began to slip from her waist. She held it with her
elbows, and hence could not raise her hands (and the garland) high enough. To relieve her, the Lord
leaned to one side and accepted the garland. Many people tried to pull the Lingam straight: but it
could not be done. Nayanar heard that the king of the place was upset about it and wanted the
Lingam to be straightened. Nayanar wanted to help the king. He tied the Lingam to his neck with a
rope (the rope of God-love) and gently pulled it. The Lingam became upright! Devas rained flowers
from heaven. All were amazed and recognised the glory of the Nayanar and his great devotion to the
After spending some more time in the service of Lord Siva and His Bhaktas, Nayanar
reached His Abode.